Types and Properties of Formwork in Concrete Construction



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27 November 21
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Formwork is an accessory construction that serves as a mould for a structure. This mould is filled with concrete that will harden later. Formwork construction takes time and accounts for 20% to 25% of the structure’s cost, if not more. However, these are only temporary structures that are required to support concrete until it reaches a certain strength level.

Formwork for concrete projects comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, as well as a variety of qualities:

·   Steel Formwork: Steel formwork is more robust, long-lasting, and stronger than timber formwork. They may be reused a lot more than wood formwork. Steel forms are not only easier to install, but they are also easier to disassemble. The quality of the exposed concrete surface is also considerably superior when steel forms are used, and such surfaces do not require any additional treatment.

Steel doesn’t absorb moisture from concrete, and it doesn’t shrink or warp, either. It gets made up of panels made of thin steel plates that are strengthened from the edges with small steel angles.

·   Aluminium Formwork: It’s frequently utilized in site-assembled prefabricated formwork. Aluminium is both lightweight and robust. There are fewer supports and ties required. The lighter the section, the more it deflects; nevertheless, this phenomenon can be avoided by following the manufacturer’s instructions. The aluminium formwork manufacturers have to maintain a keen eye while designing the prefabricated form.

This system of aluminium shapes is commonly employed on residential construction sites and in mass housing projects. It’s easier, faster, and more versatile. It’s also incredibly cost-effective.

·   Plywood Formwork: Timber frames are covered in resin glued plywood panels. This is done to create panels that are the right size. Plywood formwork is substantially less expensive than hardwood shutters, and it is even less expensive when you consider the following:

Using large size panels might save money on labour costs for installation and takedown. When compared to wood shutters, they can be reused a greater number of times. It can be used 20 to 25 times before needing to be replaced.

·   Mivan Shuttering: It’s a fast-paced construction technology that uses aluminium formworks to offer building strength and durability. Real estate stakeholders are promoting the use of a new and novel construction process as builders focus on “Housing for All.” One such technology is Mivan shuttering, which has been touted for its ability to facilitate large construction activity. This process includes steel shuttering hire to attract skilled talent proficient in same. This is due to the requirement of a higher degree of specialization.

The building’s structure is provided by wall reinforcing steel. It’s also supposed to sustain the concrete until it reaches half of the requisite strength. Around the steel mesh, aluminium formworks are produced. This steel mesh is manufactured at a factory and installed on the construction site.

·   Timber Formwork: The wood used for exposed concrete work shuttering should have a smooth and even surface on all sides that come into touch with the concrete.

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